Introduction to Scottish Politics
One of the most fascinating events currently taking place in Scotland is the resurgence of a movement for independence from England as being a part of a United Kingdom. Regardless of one's political views, I believe most should agree that it is better to make decisions for yourself than to have decisions made for you by outsiders. England's vision and political philosophy for their country's future and Scotland's are different as was seen in the June 2016 Brexit Referendum in the UK. The United Kingdom as a whole voted to leave/exit (Brexit) the European Union but Scotland voted on the whole to stay in the EU. Regardless of the details of Scotland's future, it's shape and form of any alliances, such decisions should be solely in the hands of the Scots.
Things to Know
♦ Who is in charge of the Government? The Chief Executive like our President, the one who runs the government, is the Prime Minister who is the leader of the majority party and/or coalition of parties in the "House of Commons" like the U.S. House of Representatives. The legislature who makes the laws, similar to our U.S. Congress, is the Parliament and has locally elected members representing their needs. The "First Minister of Scotland" is similar to the UK Prime Minister and is also the head of the Scottish government. See also the Westminster Parliamentary System of Government.
♦ United Kingdom (UK): Seat of Government for the UK is in London. Parliament, like our Congress, is Westminster. The Prime Minister (like our President) is the head of government at Whitehall (like our White House). The UK is a united government containing the countries of England, Scotland, Wales, and Northern Ireland. Scotland and Wales also have their own parliament and government that has limited "de-evolved" powers from Westminster. See Wikipedia article on the United Kingdom.
Website:www.Parliament.UK — 3D Virtual Tour (cool) —Parliament Live TV
♦ Scottish Government: Seat is in Edinburgh ("g" is silent) Parliament is sometimes called Holyrood because it is in the Holyrood area of Edinburgh. Parliament has been currently (2018) controlled by the Scottish National Party in a coalition with the Green Party since 2011. Nicola Sturgeon is the "First Minister" - the head of the Scottish Government like the prime minister.
Website: www.Parliament.scot — Virtual 3D Video Tour of Parliament (very cool) — Scottish Parliament TV
♦ Political Parties: In 2018, the largest party in the UK is the Conservative and Unionist Party (like our Republicans) or just the "Conservative party" are nicknamed "the Tories." The second largest party is the Labour Party (like our Democrats), formerly called the Liberal Party are sometimes called the Labour Socialists. The third largest party in the UK is the Scottish National Party, which is also largest party in Scotland. IF you want to research in detail, here are two links to get you started. Wikipedia: Political Parties in the UK and Scottish Political Parties.
"Power tends to corrupt; absolute power corrupts absolutely."
This observation, quoted above, is about a person's sense of morality and ethics tends to decrease as his or her power increases. It was made by Lord Acton, a British historian of the late 19th and early 20th centuries. In America, we remember this wisdom and guard it closely.
The Modern Scottish Independence Movement
Over the past 300 years, and even more so today, English dominance and control over Scottish political affairs has led to a breaking point. In the past 50 years the two major parties, the Conservatives and Labour, when they were in charge of the UK Government, have used the power of the government in subterfuge against the Scottish people and their desire to have their own parliament and possible independence. The more you study UK politics and its dark secrets that are now coming to light, it becomes clear that the British Government's abuse, usury, manipulation, and dis-respect of the Scottish people has become the central cause for this break. In this modern movement for Scottish sovereignty the Scottish people are claiming their right to determine and manage their own affairs. Every people have a duty to govern themselves in order to provide the best government for their people. This is both a right and a duty.
In 2014, Scotland narrowly voted down in a referendum to withdraw from the United Kingdom. But the story does not end there. In the aftermath of that referendum, new light has shown the absolute despotic manipulation and political false propaganda coming from the Unionist (anti-independence) controlled BBC and English government authorities. This, in effect, has shown the true colors and nature of how the English authorities feel and treat the Scottish people. In doing so, since 2014, this has sparked even more Scots into this movement for Independence from England. The current term is "IndyRef2" and "Yes2" for there is very likely to be a second coming referendum on Scottish Independence soon.
Wikipedia Article on "The Scottish Independence Movement"
Events Fueling Scottish Independence
In 1997 Scotland voted yes in what was called a "devolution referendum" of some governmental powers from London back to the people of Scotland and created a Scottish Parliament that began in 1999. There continues to be on-going political fighting back-and-forth over these political powers, some powers being revoked by London. This conflict has led to, especially after the 2014 referendum, the recent majority coalition control of the Scottish Parliament and government of by the SNP (Scottish National Party) who's key platform is Scottish Independence. The Unionist (anti-independence) control over the media including newspapers and the BBC and the heavy anti-independence propaganda they pushed on Scotland promoted a landslide of negativity, lies, and scare tactics in the 2014 referendum. Now the truth is coming to light, back-firing on the Unionists, giving explosive fuel to the growth towards a second independence referendum.
In 2016 there was a UK-wide Brexit Referendum vote on whether to leave the European Union. The majority of the UK voted to leave. The majority of Scotland voted to remain in the European Union, England and Wales voted to leave. Called "Brexit" it has become another issue showing division and different visions for each country's future giving additional explosive fuel to the Scottish Independence Movement and a second independence referendum.
An American View on Scottish Independence
Every people, every nation, have a duty to govern themselves in order to provide the best government for their people. In America, this is a main Conservative principle of liberty, freedom, and democracy. In Scotland, independence is not supported by Conservatives because they are also Unionists (anti-Independence) who want to keep the United Kingdom, well, united. From an American perspective, it is very odd and backwards that conservatives would not support independence. I believe regardless of political persuasion (unless you are an anarchist) I don't know why everyone would not support independence: a right to make your own decisions instead of letting outsiders do it.
In Scotland, pro-independence groups are more likely to be politically center or left (liberal). Pro-independence Scots, on the other hand, do cross all political parties, as one can see why.
This is a basic principle in American government, that the government closest to you is the best and most capable of being effective. Looking at the History of Scotland and England and the history of the United Kingdom, there has been a clear power monopoly by England to force it's will upon Scotland. Although at times this dominance over Scotland may have been benevolent or good, but it was not always, and England still remained in control. This is not a healthy way to have any type of relationship, with anyone - it is always prone/apt for abusive of the weaker.
"Power tends to corrupt; absolute power corrupts absolutely."
- Lord Acton
New & Interesting Videos
Brexit - UK Exit from the EU
Brexit (British Exit) from the EU (European Union).
Original Exit from the EU Deadline of March 29, 2019 is now extended to October 31st.
WHY IS BREXIT AN ISSUE IN SCOTTISH POLITICS?
In June 2016, a UK-wide Brexit Referendum was held with the UK as a whole voting to leave the EU. Scotland as a whole did not vote to leave, wishing to stay in the EU. In the 2014 Scottish Independence Referendum, Scottish voters were told by Unionist (anti-independence) who heavily promoted (propaganda/lies) that a "YES" vote for Scottish independence would kick Scotland out of the EU. This was proven before and after the 2014 referendum to be propaganda and a lie, the idea was so heavily promoted by the Unionist who controlled the BBC, most newspapers, and other media, is was considered by political analysts to be the main reason why Scottish voters voted "NO" for independence in 2014. Now after 2016 the UK is leaving the EU, Scotland does not want to go, giving a resurgence to a second independence referendum in which Scotland can choose to remain in the EU.
The Journey towards a Second Independence Referendum
The Scottish Independence Referendum of 2014
♦ Where Does Scotland's Wealth Go? - report by BusinessForScotland.com
♦ Scotland's Future [pdf copy] - a Scottish government white paper published in 2013 under then First Minister Alex Salmond laying out the case for Scottish independence and the means through which Scotland would become an independent country in personal union with the United Kingdom.
♦ www.ScotReferendum.com - Archived copy of the 2014 official Scottish Government website.
♦ List of Endorsements For (YES) and Against (NO).
The Stone of Destiny, a symbol of Scottish Freedom and Independence.
The true story of the 1950 heist to take it back from England by 4 college students.
THE VIDEO BELOW contains 2 interviews with a Ian Hamilton, one of the students.
and contains the Full 2008 Film: The Stone of Destiny.
In 1996, it was finally returned by the English Government after 700 years
in English hands and now sits in Edinburgh Castle.
SECTIONS BELOW ARE STILL IN DEVELOPMENT...
Links to Websites of Interest
♦ www.Yes.Scot - Yes for Independence Campaign by the SNP (Scottish National party).
Facebook Pages - worth following
♦ Independence for Scotland
NOTE: Some are liberal in other reporting but provide good reporting on Scottish Independence.
Specific Articles of Note:
♣ April 29, 2019 "Brexit Could Be Turning the Tide for Scottish Independence" - The New Republic (US)
"In closing remarks Sunday, First Minister Nicola Sturgeon announced that the Scottish Parliament will be advancing new legislation on an independence referendum next month, hoping to give Scotland the second opportunity in five years to leave the United Kingdom."